Scania Sweden: AB Scania-Vabis, commonly known as Scania AB is is a major Swedish automotive industry producer of commercial vehicles such as specifically heavy trucks and buses. Scania also produce diesel engines for heavy vehicles as well as marine and general industrial applications. Also, Scania AB was formed in 1911 through the merger of Södertälje-based Vabis and Malmö-based Maskinfabriks-aktiebolaget Scania. In 1910, Maskinfabriks-aktiebolaget Scania had succeeded in constructing reliable vehicles, while Vabis was at the brink of closing down.
An offer from Per Alfred Nordeman, managing director of Maskinfabriks-aktiebolaget Scania, to steel manufacturer Surahammars Bruk, owner of Vabis, led to an agreement in November 1910, and in 1911 the merger was a reality. Scania’s logo shows a Griffin, from the coat of arms of the province of Scania. In 1912, the headquarters were changed from Malmö to the Södertälje.
1891; 126 years ago
First World War :
At the time of world war there were many inexpensive, imported cars in Sweden. At that time, Scania-Vabis decided to build high-class, luxury cars, for instance the type III limousine from 1920 that had a top hat holder in the roof. Prince Carl of Sweden owned a 1913 Scania-Vabis 3S, a type which was fitted with in-car buttons so the passenger could communicate with the driver. Scania-Vabis also built two-seat sports cars.
The outbreak of the First World War, however, changed the company, with almost all output being diverted to the Swedish Army. By 1916, Scania-Vabis was making enough profit to invest in redeveloping both of their production facilities.
In 1919, Scania decided to focus completely on building trucks, abandoning other outputs including cars and buses. In 1921, after facing the economical difficulties, new capital came from Stockholms Enskilda Bank owned by the Wallenberg family, and Scania-Vabis became a solid and technically, high standing, company.
Second World War :
During the Second World War Scania produced a variety of military vehicles for the Swedish Army, including Stridsvagn m/41 light tanks produced under licence.
1950s and 1960s :
In the 1950s, the company expanded its operations and became the agents for the Willys Jeep and the Volkswagen Beetle. This became very profitable for the Scania-Vabis. In 1954, Scania-Vabis introduced a all new L71 Regent truck, through this Scania-Vabis became the genuine competitor of Volvo. During this period, Scania-Vabis expanded its dealer network and country-wide specialist workshop facilities. Probably their largest impact was in export markets. The 1960s, Scania-Vabis expanded its production operations into overseas locations. Brazil was becoming a notable market for heavy trucks, and was also dependent on inter-urban buses, with particular requirement for Brazil’s mountainous roads which became nigh-on impassable at times.
On 29 May 1959, a new engine plant was inaugurated in the Ipiranga district of São Paulo. And from June 1960, Scania-Vabis do Brasil assembled all vehicles themselves. On December 1962, Scania-Vabis established its first full manufacturing plant outside Södertälje, by building a new facility in São Bernardo do Campo near São Paulo.
In 1966, Scania-Vabis acquired ownership of Be-Ge Karosserifabrik, who were based in Oskarshamn. Be-Ge had been making truck cabs since 1946. And had been supplying cabs not only to Scania-Vabis, but also to their Swedish competitors Volvo. Scania-Vabis continued their expansion of production facilities through acquisitions. In 1967, they acquired Katrineholm based coachwork company Svenska Karosseri Verkstäderna (SKV), and created a new subsidiary, Scania-Bussar. A year later, all bus production, along with R&D was moved to Katrineholm.
For some time Daimler-Benz waged a ‘logo war’ with Scania-Vabis, claiming a possible confusion between the Scania-Vabis ‘pedal crank’ design featuring on Scania bicycles around 1900 and the Mercedes ‘three-pointed star’. In February 1968, a new range of trucks was launched, and at the same time the company was rebranded as just Scania.
1970s and 1980s :
In 1976, the argentine industrial complex was launched. On 10 September 1976, he first gearbox outside of Sweden was manufactured. A few months later, in December, an L111 truck became the first Scania made in Argentina. Later the plant specialised in the production of gearboxes, axles and differentials that equipped both the units produced in Tucumán and those built in Brazil. In the mid 1985, for the first time Scania entered the US market. Starting modestly with a goal of 200 trucks in all of 1987. Scania limited their marketing to the Northeast, where conditions resemble those in Europe more closely.
Scania develops, produces and sells trucks with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of more than 16 tonnes. The trucks are intend for the long-distance haulage, regional, and local distribution of goods, as well as construction haulage. All current trucks from Scania are part of the PRT-range. But are marketed as different series based on the general cab height. The following are the product lineup of Scania :-
The series was launched in August 2004. P-series trucks have the new P cabs, which are available in several variations: a single-berth sleeper, a spacious day cab, a short cab and a crew cab. The P-Series is applicable for regional and local distribution, construction. And various specialised operations associated with locally based transportation and services.
The G-series was launched in September 2007. This series offer an enlarged range of options for operators engaged in national long haul and virtually all types of construction applications. All models have a G cab, and each is available as a tractor or rigid. The G-series truck comes with five cab variants: three sleepers, a day cab and a short cab.
This series was launched in the year 2004. This series offers various trucks optimised for long haulage. Also, all models have a Scania R cab, and each vehicle is available as a tractor or rigid. In 2005, R-Series won the prestigious International Truck of the Year award. The Scania R 730 is the most powerful variant of the R-series. Its 16.4-litre DC16 Turbo Diesel V8 engine produces 730 PS (540 kW; 720 hp) at 1,900 rpm and 3,500 N·m (2,600 lb·ft) of torque at 1,000–1,350 rpm.
This range was launched in August 2016. It is the highest cab Scania has ever built. It features a completely flat floor and a low bed that is extendable up to 100 cm (about 3.28 feet).
Bus & Coach
In 1946, the company introduced their B-series of bus chassis. So, that the engine mounted above the front-axle, giving a short front overhang and the door behind the front-axle. The first generation consisted of the B15/B16, the B20/B21/B22 and the B31, primarily divided by weight class, and then by wheelbase. Also, In 1948, the latter became upgraded and renamed 2B20/2B21/2B22 and 3B31. In 1950, the next generation was introduced, with the B41/B42, the B61/B62/B63/B64 and later the B83.
From then, Scania-Vabis also offered the BF-series chassis, available as BF61/BF62/BF63. That had the engine more conventionally mounted before the front-axle, leaving room for the door on a longer front overhang. From 1954, the B-series came as B51 and B71, and the BF as BF71 and later BF73. In 1959, the B55, B65 and B75, plus the BF75 were introduced, and were from 1963 available as B56, B66 and B76, plus the BF56 and BF76.